Decoding the genome of the camel

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Decoding the genome of the camel

On June 4, 2013, Posted by , In BIO, With Comments Off on Decoding the genome of the camel

Camels are divided into two species, the one-humped dromedary and the two-humped Bactrian camel. Whether or not equipped with a single or two humps, camels are cherished in desert areas during the globe. Their capacity to carry weighty loads more than long distances tends to make them ideally suited for transportation. In addition, camels are in a position to endure for weeks in hostile environments without foods and water. Despite the very arid problems, camels nevertheless provide sufficient milk for human use and also have an essential part as a resource of meat. Camels are professionals when it will come to adapting to the atmosphere and have been characterised as sustainable food producers.

Concentrating on camel domestication

Pamela Burger heads one particular of the handful of analysis groups in Europe that review camel genetics. Burger and her colleagues are mainly interested in the domestication of camels, which took area all around three,000 to six,000 several years back. Genetic data offer critical clues on the breeding strategies and selection procedures that were applied by people at that time. The DNA code also signifies a abundant source for addressing questions on phylogenetic associations among animals. Burger is a single of the initial experts to sequence big parts of the genome of a Bactrian camel and make it accessible to the general public.

Milestone in camel genetics

Until just lately, the genetic code of the Camel had not been fully analysed. Genetic study on these animals was consequently difficult or even unattainable. In distinction, the entire genetic data of the human genome was available as extended ago as 2003 and the genetic code of a variety of animals and vegetation is publicly accessible, providing scientists entry to an huge set of data. To date, the lack of standard genetic info has seriously hampered reports of camel genetics. Pamela Burger and her crew are pioneers in presenting this important dataset.

Connection among the a single- and the two-humped

The experts have been ready to find 116,000 so-referred to as SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) in the genetic sequence of the Bactrian camel. SNPs are one base-pair alterations in a DNA strand that offer the basis for studying relationships between species and between solitary animals. The genetic connection amongst the Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) and the dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) is near. 85 % of the genomic sequences expressed in the dromedary can be located in the Bactrian camel. Burger describes, “Mozart’s genome gives us with the basis for even more comparative analysis on other camelids this sort of as dromedary, lama and alpaca.”

Source : pamela.burger@vetmeduni.ac.at

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